Anzac Cove is located right by a very steep hill. Why the landing was made here was a mystery. A lot of the historians referered this due to the high current at the sea, the landing was made at a wrong location. Recently on History Channel a doumentary clarified the subject.
Palmer escaped from Turkey once war was declared and gave his carefully charted map of the challenges to an assault on the Dardanelles. Then he reappeared on the submarine AE2. He was speaking fluent Turkish. The Turks thought that he was a spy and threatened him with execution. Palmer to save his neck, he offered Turks to give the details of the expected landing plan. But he reversed it. He told the Turks the main landing was going to be [far to the north of Anzac Cove]. The German commander in charge of the Turkish forces, General Otto Liman von Sanders, kept 20,000 men in the north because he felt that is where the main landing would be … because he believed Palmer.
Palmer survived the war in a Turkish prison camp, resurfaced as a British diplomat, and died in 1936. He was decorated for his role on the submarine. What remains a mystery is what his precise role was. ''But the hat that he was wearing on the submarine is still in the Turkish Military museum in Istanbul.
Military Museum is open except Mondays and Tuesdays. Prefer going there in the afternoon. At 3pm there is Mehter (Ottoman Military Band) live concert.