In the late 1st Century BC both the city of Ephesus as well as a part of Asia Minor were conquered by the King of Pontus. Roman dictator Sulla liberated Ephesus from enemy occupation and settled in Ephesus, reorganized province of Asia, rewarded the towns which were faithful to Rome. In the memory of his victory Ephesians erected this monument to his grand child Memnius, commemorating the liberation of Ephesus.
The Polio Fountain was built in 93AD during the reign of Augustus by a wealthy Ephesian called Polio. Water brought by aquaducts is distributed from this fountain by a branching system of baked clay pipes. Richly decorated sculptures from the Hellenistic period were excavated there. Fountains were used for decorational purposes and providing water for the poor.
Midtown Ephesus - Domitian Square
During the Roman period, Ephesians erected many buildings and temples, and dedicated them to emperors in order to secure good relations and the support of Rome. The Domitian Temple is one of them and is a 1st century AD building. Domitian ruled Roman Empire in the 1st century. He was known among the most bruthal Roman Emprerors who persecuted many Christians in Roman cities including Ephesus. Domitian is also the one who exiled John the Apostle to the island of Patmos. The temple and the statues were destroyed after 4th century, after christianity becoming the state religion.
Nike carving in Domitian Square is taking attention. Nike is the goddess of victory who is represented with wings and a golden palm leaf. Golden palm leaf is also the amblem of Nike shoes. This construction element was used as a capital of Hercules Gate.